Metals Toolbox



µg Microgram
µg/kg bw Microgram Per Kilogram Body Weight
µm Micron
µM Micromolar
3EMI Eurometaux Energy and Emissions Monitoring Initiative
3Rs Replacement, Reduction and Refinement
6EAP 6th Environmental Action Plan
7EAP 7th Environmental Action Plan


AA Authorisation Application
AAF Ammonia, Acid & Fertilizers
AAS Artificial Aggregates/Slags
AAQ Ambient Air Quality
A&R Authorisation and Restriction
AC Activity Class
ACC American Chemistry Council
ACE Advanced Chemical Etching
ACROSS ECHA Integrated Substance Screening Tool
ACEA Association of European Car Manufacturers
ACGIH American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists
ACSH Advisory Committee on Safety and Health at workplace
ACVT Advisory Committee on Vocational Training
AD Authorisation Date
A&D Aerospace & Defence
ADCA Diazene-1,2-dicarboxamide (C,C'-azodi(formamide))
ADCR Aerospace & Defence Chromates Reauthorisation
ADD Average Daily Dose
ADI Average Daily Intake
ADR European Agreement concerning the International Carriage of Dangerous Goods by Road
AE Assessment Elements
AEL Associated Emission Level
AELV Associated Emission Limit Value
AF Assessment Factor
AfA Application for Authorisation
AFA Association Française de l’Aluminium
AlCl2 Dichloroaluminium
ALARAP As Low As Reasonably Practicable
AMEC AMEC Foster Wheeler
ANOVA Analysis of Variance
ANPR Advance Notice of Proposed Rulemaking
ANSES French agency for food, environmental and occupational health safety
AoA Assessment of Alternatives (REACH)
AoC Areas of Concern
AofA Assessment of Alternatives
AOP Adverse Outcomes Pathways
AP Action Plan
APC Air Pollution Control
APCRA Accelerating the Pace of Chemical Risk Assessment
APEAL Association of European Producers for Steel for Packaging
APEC Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation
APEC CD Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation Chemicals Dialogue
APELL Awareness and Preparedness for Emergencies at a Local Level (UN Programme)
APF Assigned Protection Factor (occupational exposure)
APME Association of Plastic Manufacturers in Europe
APPE Association of Petrochemicals in Europe
ARCHE Assessing Risk of Chemicals
ART Advanced REACH Tool
ASD Aerospace and Defence: Industries Association of Europe
ASEAN Association of Southeast Asian Nations
ASME American Society of Mechanical Engineering
As2O3 Arsenic trioxide
ASR Automotive Shredder Residue
ASSURRE Association for the Sustainable Use and Recovery of Resources in Europe
ASTM International American Society for Testing of Materials
ATO Antimony Tin Oxide
ATP Adaptation to Technical Progress
ATSDR Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry
AVS-SEM Acid Volatile Sulphide (Bioavailability of Ni in sediments) - model
AWG Administrative Working Group
AWQC Ambient Water Quality Criteria


B2B Business to Business
B2C Business to Customer
BAF Bioaccumulation Factor
BAL BronchoAlveolar Lavage
BAN Basel Action Network
BASD Business Action for Sustainable Development
BAT Best Available Technique (see IPPC Directive)
BAT-AEL BAT-Associated Emission Level
BAT-AELV BAT-Associated Emission Level Value
BAT-AEPL BAT-Associated Environmental Performance Level
BATC BAT Conclusions
BATNEEC Best Available Technique Not Entailing Excessive Costs
BAuA Federal Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (Germany)
BCF Bioconcentration Factor (lab derived and accounts for uptake of water only)
BD Background Document
BDI Bundesverband der Deutschen Industrie
BEAL Biological Exposure Action Level
BEI Biological Exposure Indices
BET Brunauer-Emmett-Teller (isotherm)
BfR BundesInstitut für Risikobewertung
BFRs Brominated Flame Retardants
BG Batch Galvanising
BGV Biological Guidance Value
BIAC Business and Industry Advisory Committee to the OECD
BioMet ‘User friendly’ software tool, based on Biotic Ligand Models, for calculating the bioavailability of copper, nickel and zinc in different freshwaters
BIR Bureau of International Recycling
BIS Business Impact Study
BIU Broad Information on Uses (Authorisation Process)
BKTox Beraterkreis Toxikologie (German toxicological consultants’ group)
BLM Biotic Ligand Model
BLV Biological Limit Value
BMD Bench Mark Dose
BoA Board of Appeal
BOEL Binding Occupational Exposure Limit
BOELV Binding Occupational Exposure Limit Value
BOM Bill of Material
BP Background Paper
BPC Biocidal Products Committee
BPD Biocidal Products Directive (98/8/EC)
BPR Biocidal Products Regulation  (EU 528/2012)
BRE Building Research Establishment
BREF Best available technology Reference document
BSAF Biota Sediment Accumulation Factor
BSI The National Standards Body of the UK
BSOH Belgian Society for Occupational Hygiene
BTAG Biological Technical Assistance Group
BusinessEurope European Employers’ Associations


C&DW Construction and Demolition Waste
C&L Classification and Labelling
CA Competent Authority
CAA Clean Air Act (US)
CAD Chemicals Agents at work Directive (EU)
CAFE Clean Air for Europe (EU air quality policy)
CANMET Canada Centre for Mineral and Energy Technology
CAPEX Capital Expenditures
CARACAL Competent Authorities on REACH and CLP Regulations
CARB California Air Resources Board
CA-REACH Competent Authority on REACH
CAS Chemical Abstracts Service (REACH)
CAS RN Chemical Abstracts Service Registry Number
CASAC Clean Air Scientific Advisory Committee (US)
CASG Competent Authorities Sub-Group (EC)
CAs Meeting Competent Authorities Meeting
CAS Number Chemical Abstracts Service Number
CAS RN Chemical Abstracts Service Registry Number
CBA Cost-Benefit Analysis
CBI Confidential Business Information
CBI Confederation of British Industries
CC Compliance Check
CCH Compliance Check
CCS Carbon Capture and Storage
CCS EII Carbon Dioxide Capture and Storage European Industrial Initiative
Cd Cadmium
CDF Cumulative Distribution Function
CDI Cobalt Development Institute
CDR Chemical Data Reporting
CdS Cadmium Sulfide
CEA Cost Effectiveness Analysis
CEC Cation Exchange Capacity
CEC Commission for Environmental Cooperation (US)
CEEC´s Central and East European Countries
CEFIC European Chemical Industry Council
C&L Classification and Labelling
CEM Continuous Emission Monitoring
CEMAS CEFIC Exposure Management and Analysis System
CEN Centre for European Standardization
CEPE EU Council of the Paint, Printing, Ink & Artists Colours
CEPI Confederation of European Paper Industry
CEPMC Council of European Producers of Materials for Construction
CEPS Centre for European Policy Studies
CERCLA Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation and Liability Act (US)
CES Contributing Exposure Scenario
CEWEP Confederation of European Waste-to-Energy Plants
CFR Code of Federal Regulations
CGE Computable General Equilibrium
CHEMFED Capacity Build-Up and Preparation of CEEC Chemical Industry Federations for the EU Enlargement
CHEMSEC International Chemical Secretariat
CHEMTREC Chemical Transportation Emergency Center (US)
CHESAR Chemical Safety Assessment and Reporting Tool
CHIP Chemical (Hazard Information and Packaging) Regulations (UK)
CHIP Chemical Hazard Information Profile
CHP Co-Generation of Heat and Power
CIA Chemical Industry Association (UK)
CICAD Concise International Chemical Assessment Documents
CII Cross Industry Initiative
CIIT Chemical Industry Institute of Toxicology
CiP Chemicals in Products
CIS Common Implementation Strategy
C&L Classification & Labelling
CL Candidate List
CLEEN Chemical Legislation European Enforcement Network
CLH Harmonised Classification and Labelling process
CLP Classification Labelling and Packaging Regulation (EU)
CLR Candidate Lead Registrant
CLRTAP Convention on Long-Range Transboundary Air Pollution
cm2 Centimetre squared         
CMD Carcinogens and Mutagens Directive
CMR Substances classified as Carcinogens, Mutagens or toxic to Reproduction
CMWG Chemicals Management Working Group
Co Cobalt
CoCAM Cooperative Chemicals Assessment Meeting
CoCAP Cooperative Chemicals Assessment Programme
COB Close of Business
COD Co-Decision Procedure
COD Chemical Oxygen Demand
CoE Council of Europe
COLLA Collaborative Approach (ECHA)
CoM Council of Ministers (EC Member States)
COM Commission
CONCAWE Oil companies' European association for environment, health and safety in refining and distribution
CONTAM Panel Scientific Panel on Contaminants in the Food Chain
COPC Contaminants of Potential Concern
CoRAP Community Action Rolling Plan
CoRC Cobalt REACH Consortium
CORDIS Community Research and Development Information Service
COREPER Committee of Permanent Representatives in the EU
COSHH Control of Substances Hazardous to Health (UK)
CP&H Chemicals Policy and Health (Leadership Group of ICCA)
CPI Consumer Price Index
CPIV Standing Committee of the European Glass Industries
CPP Chemical Product Process
CPP Chemical Product Policy (OECD)
CPR Chemical Policy Review (REACH)
CPSC Consumer Product Safety Commission (US)
CPW Chemicals Product Waste
CRA Cumulative Risk Assessment
CRC Chemical Referral Center (CHEMTREC)
CRC Chemical Registration Center (China)
CRM Critical Raw Materials 
CR Cold Rolling
CRT Cathode Ray Tubes
CSA Chemical Safety Assessment (REACH)
CSD Commission on Sustainable Development (UN 1992)
CSR Chemical Safety Report (REACH)
CSSC China State Shipbuilding Corporation
CSTEE EC Scientific Committee for Toxicity, Ecotoxicity and the Environment (now known as SCHER )
CTAC Chromium Trioxide Authorisation Consortium
CTP Coal Tar Pitch
CTP-HT Coal Tar Pich High Temperature
Cu Copper
CWA Clean Water Act
CWG Coordination Working Group


DA Defined Approach
DALY Disability-Adjusted Life Year
DALY HALY that measures Health Loss
DAT Dermatology Advisory Team
DBMS Database Management System
DBP Dibutyl Phthalate
DCCs Dossier Compliance Checks
DCG Directors Contact Group on REACH
DCP Dossier Compliance Platform (Cefic)
DD Draft Decisions
DE Dossier Evaluation
DEB Dynamic Energy Budget
DecaBDE Decabromodiphenyl ether
DEFRA Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (UK)
DEHP Di(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate
D-EPA Danish Environmental Protection Agency (Rapporteur for risk assessment of nickel)
DES Data Entry Screen
DG Directorates-Generals (within the EU Commission)
DG CLIMA Directorate-General for Climate Action (within the EU Commission)
DG ENER Directorate-General for Energy (within the EU Commission)
DG ENT Directorate-General Enterprise (within the EU Commission)
DG ENTR Directorate-General for Enterprise and Industry (within the EU Commission)
DG ENV Directorate-General Environment (within the EU Commission)
DG MARKT Directorate-General for Internal Market and Services (within the EU Commission)
DG SANCO Directorate-General for Health and Consumers (within the EU Commission)
DG TREN Directorate-General for Transport (within the EU Commission)
DHHS Department of Health and Human Services (US)
DIHK Association of German Chambers of Commerce and Industry
DIN German national organisation for standardisation
Disulfiram Tetraethylthiuram disulfide
Dithiocarb Diethyldithiocarbamate
DIT Developmental Immunotoxicity
DMEL Derived Minimal Effect Level
DMF Dimethylformamide
DMR Duly Motivated Request
DNA Deoxyribonucleic acid
DNEL Derived No-Effect Level
DNT Developmental Neurotoxicity
DOA Disodiumoctaborate anhydrate
DOC Dissolved Organic Carbon
DOD Department of Defense (US)
DOE Department of Energy (US)
DOI Department of the Interior (US)
DOL Department of Labor (US)
DOT Disodiumoctaborate tetrahydrate
DOTE Dioctyltin bis(2-ethyhexyl mercaptoacetate)
DPD Dangerous Preparations Directive (1999/45/EC)
DQA Dossier Quality Assistant
DREGG DNEL Dose Response Enthusiasts Group
DSD Dangerous Substances Directive (67/548/EC)
DSL Domestic Substances List
DTI Department of Trade and Industry (UK)
DTSC Department of Toxic Substances Control (US)
DTU Technical University of Denmark
DU Downstream User
DUCC Downstream Users of Chemicals Co-ordination


EA Exposure Assessment
EA European Aluminium Association
EACI Executive Agency for Competitiveness and Innovation (EU)
EAF Electric Arc Furnace
EAP Environmental Action Programme
EASA European Aviation Safety Agency
EASE Estimation and Assessment of Substance Exposure (Model for workers exposure estimate)
EAT Endocrine Advocacy Team
EATF Exposure Assessment Task Force (OECD)
EATS Estrogen, Androgen, Thyroid and Steroidogenic
EBW Exposure Based Waiving
EBITDA Earnings Before Interest, Taxes, Depreciation and Amortization
EC European Commission / Community
EC Equal Concern (as in “substances of equal concern”)
EC number European Commission number
ECx Effective Concentration
EC50 Effect Concentration (50%)
ECB European Chemicals Bureau
ECCA European Coil Coating Association
ECEG European Chemical Employers Group
ECETOC European Centre for Ecotoxicology and Toxicology of Chemicals
eCFR Electronic Code of Federal Regulations
ECHA European Chemicals Agency (REACH)
ECHA NMWG ECHA Nanomaterials Working Group
eCHEMPortal Global Portal to Information on Chemical Substances
ECI European Copper Institute
ECJ European Court of Justice
ECN Existing Chemical Substance Nomination (Taïwan)
ECNES Exchange Network on Exposure Scenarios
ECVAM European Centre for the Validation of Alternative Testing Methods
ED Endocrine Disruptor or Disruption
EDC Endocrine Disrupting Chemicals
EDD Group for a Europe of Democracies and Diversities (EP Party)
EDF Electronic Discussion Forum (OECD)
EDG Electronic Discussion Group
EDQM European Directorate for the Quality of Medicines and Healthcare
EDSP Endocrine Disruptor Screening Program
EDTA Endocrine Disruptor Testing and Assessment Task Force (Cefic)
EDW European Drinking Water
EEA European Environment Agency
EEA European Economic Area (EU + Iceland + Norway + Lichtenstein)
EEB European Environmental Bureau (Environmental NGO)
EEC European Economic Community
EECCA Eastern European, Caucasian and Central Asian Countries
EEE Electrical & Electronic Equipment
EESC European Economic and Social Committee
EFCA EFCA: European Federation of Clean Air and Environmental Protection Associations
EFG European Federation of Geologists
EFGP European Federation of Green Parties
EFR Europäischer Forschungsraum
EFSA European Food Safety Authority
EFTA European Free Trade Association
Eh Redox Potential
EHD CEN Environmental Help Desk
EHP Environmental Health Perspectives
EHS Environment, Health and Safety
EHS Environmentally Hazardous Substance
EIB European Investment Bank
EIC European Information Centre
EIF European Investment Fund
EiF Entry into Force
EIG Employers Interest Group
EII Energy Intense Industries
EIMAC European Industry Metals and Alloys Classification Group
EIMAG European Industry Metallic Alloys Group
EINECS European Inventory of Existing Commercial chemical Substances
EiO Entry Into Operation
EIONET European Environment Information and Observation Network
EIP on RM European Innovation Partnership on Raw Materials
EIPPCB European Integrated Pollution Prevention & Control Bureau
EIR Environmental Implementation Review
EIS Environmental Impact Statement
EKAs Exposure equivalents for carcinogenic materials
ELDR Group of the European Liberal Democrat Reform Party (EP Party)
ELINCS European List of Notified Chemical Substances
ELNI Environmental Law Network International
ELoC Equivalent Level of Concern
ELV Emission Limit Values
ELV End-of-life Vehicles Directive (2000/53/EC)
EM Eurometaux
EM Environment Management
EMA European Medicines Agency
EMAS Eco Management and Audit Scheme
EMEP European Monitoring and Evaluation Program (Monitoring and Evaluation of the Long-Range Transmission of Air pollutants in Europe)
EMKG Einfaches Massnahmenkonzept für Gefahrstoffe
EMPL Employment and Social Affairs Committee (EP)
EMS Evaluating Member States
EMS Environmental Management Systems
EMSG Endocrine Modulators Steering Group (Cefic R&I)
EN EuroNorm – European Standard
ENES Exchange Network on Exposure Scenarios
ENGO Environmental Non-Governmental Organisation
ENM Engineered Nano Materials
ENVI Environment, Public Health and Food safety Committee (EP)
EOGRTS Extended One-Generation Reproductive Toxicity Study
EoL End of Life
EoP End of Pipe
EOT Effective Operating Time
EP European Parliament
EP Equilibrium Partitioning
EPA Environmental Protection Agency (US)
EPAA European Partnership on Alternative Approaches to Animal Testing
EPC European Policy Centre
EPCRA Emergency Planning and Community Right-to-Know Act (US)
EPD Environmental Product Declaration
EPER European Pollutant Emissions Register
EPG Enterprise Policy Group
EPMA European Powder Metallurgy Association
EPMF European Precious Metals Federation
EPP European People Party
EPR Extended Producer Responsibility
E-PRTR European Pollutants Release and Transfer Register
EQAS External Quality Assessment Schemes
EQC Environmental Quality Criteria
EqP Equilibrium Partitioning
EQS Environmental Quality Standards
ERA European Research Area
ERA Ecological Risk Assessment
ERC Environmental Release Category
ERE Ecologically Relevant Endpoint
ERF European Risk Forum
ERM Environmental Resources Management (
ErP Energy related Products
ERP Enterprise Resource Planning
ERV Ecotoxicity Reference Value
eSDS Extended Safety Data Sheets
ES Exposure Scenarios (REACH)
ESCOM Standard phrases for communication
EsCOM Exposure Scenario Committee
ESComXML Exposure Scenario for Communication XML standard
eSDS extended Safety Data Sheet (REACH)
ESF European Social Fund
ESHRs Essential Health and Safety Requirements
ESIS Existing Substances Information System
ESM Environmentally Sound Management
ESP Electrostatic Precipitator
ESPG Group of Experts on Enterprise and SME Policies
ESS Endpoint Study Summaries
ESR Existing Substances Regulation (old RA system - EU)
ESR Endpoint Study Records
ETAP Environment Toxicity Advisory Panel (Industry sponsored science panel)
ETAP Environmental Technologies Action Plan (Commission Proposal COM(2002)122)
ETEAM Evaluation of the Tier 1 Exposure Assessment Models
ETS Emissions Trading System
ETUI European Trade Union Institute
ETV Environmental Technology Verification
EU European Union
EUCLEF European Chemicals Legislation Finder (Study)
EuE End Use Equipment
EUEB European Union Ecolabelling Board
EULA European Lime Association
EUON European Observatory for Nanomaterials
EU-OSHA European Agency for Safety and Health at Work
EuP Energy Using Products Directive
EuPCS European Product Categorisation System
EuPhraC European Phrase Catalogue
EURACOAL European Association for Coal and Lignite
EURL ECVAM European Union Reference Laboratory for Alternatives to Animal Testing
EUROMETREC European Metal Trade and Recycling Federation
EUSES European Union System for the Evaluation of Substances
EWL European Waste List from the European Waste Framework Directive
EXICHEM Existing Chemicals Database (OECD)
Ext-SDS Extended Safety Data Sheets


FAO Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
FAQ Frequently Asked Question
FDM BREF Food, Drink & Milk BREF
FEAD European Federation of Waste Management and Environmental Services
FECC European Association of Chemical Distributors
FEDEM French Federation of Minerals, Industrial Minerals and Nonferrous Metals
FEPA Federation of European Producers of Abrasives products
FEV1.0 Forced expiratory volume in one second
FFA French Steel Federation
FGC Flue-gas cleaning
FIEC European Construction Industry Federation
FIFRA Federal Insecticide, Fungicide, and Rodenticide Act (US)
FIR International Federation of Recycling
FIR Food Ingestion Rate
FMM Fédération des Minerais, Minéraux Industriels et Métaux non-ferreux (French Metals Federation)
FMM Federation of Ores, Industrial Minerals and non-ferrous Metals
FMP BREF Ferrous Metals Processing BREF
FMR Field Metabolic Rate
FOC Fraction Organic Carbon
FOREX Foreign Exchange Market
FP6 6th Framework Programme
FTE Full Time Employment
FTE Forschung und Technologische Entwicklung
FVC Forced vital capacity
FY Fiscal Year


g Gram
GA General Assembly
GAARN Group Assessing Already Registered Nanomaterials
GaAS Gallium Arsenide
GAC General Administration of Customs
GAINS Greenhouse Gas and Air Pollution Interactions and Synergies (model)
GC General Court
GCL Generic Concentration Limit
GD Guidance Document
GDP Gross Domestic Product
GEF Global Environment Facility
GEHS Group on Environment and Health Sciences of Metals (Eurometaux)
GER Global Emerging Regulations
GES Generic Exposure Scenario
GESTIS International limit values for chemical agents Occupational Exposure Limits (OELs)
GHG GreenHouse Gas
GHS Global Harmonised System of classification and labelling of chemicals
GIFAS Group of French Aerospace Industries
GLP Good Laboratory Practice
GLAD tool Global Life Cycle Analysis Data Access (UNEP)
GMI Global Mining Initiative
GNP Gross National Product
GPP Green Public Procurement
GPS Global Product Strategy (ICCA)
GRCB Global Regulation and Capacity Building
GRI Global Reporting Initiative
GRIP Group on REACH Implementation Problems
GRULAC Latin American and Caribbean Group
GTAP Global Trade Analysis Project
GUE/NGL European United Left / Nordic Green Left (EP Party)
GVA Gross Value Added


HALY Health Adjusted Life Years
HAP Hazardous Air Pollutant
HATF Hazard Assessment Task Force (OECD)
HAZBREF Hazardous industrial chemicals in the IED BREFs
HBCDD Hexabromocyclododecane
HC5 Hazard Concentration 5th percentile (showing no effects to 95% of species)
HCF Helsinki Chemical Forum
HCL Harmonised Classification and Labelling
HDC Hot Dip Coating
HEC Human Equivalent Concentration
HEDSET Harmonised Electronic Data-set
Help Net Network of national helpdesks on REACH and CLP (ECHA Committee)
HEPA High Efficiency Particulate Air
HERA Human and Environmental Risk Assessments (on ingredients of household cleaning products)
HeRAG Health Risk Assessment Guidance for metals
HETAP Human Health Toxicity Technical Advisory Panel
HH Human Health
HI Hazard Index
HLG High Level Group
HNS Hazardous and Noxious Substances
HP Hazardous Properties
HPVCs High Production Volume Chemicals
HR Hot-Rolling (Mill Process)
HS Harmonised System
HSC Health and Safety Commission
HSE Health and Safety Executive
HW Hardware
HWIs Hazardous Waste Incinerators


i2a International Antimony Association
IA Impact Assessment
IARC International Agency for Research on Cancer
IATA Integrated Approaches to Testing and Assessment
IBM Individual Based Models
IC50 Inhibition of Growth Concentration (50%)
ICAPO International Council for Animal Protection in OECD Programmes
ICCA International Council on Chemical Associations
ICCS International Conference of Chemical Safety
ICDA International Chromium Development Association
ICHMET International Conference on Heavy Metals in the Environments
ICM International Chemicals Management (Department of Cefic)
ICMM International Council on Mining and Metals
ICNCM International Committee on Nickel Carcinogenesis in Man
ICP International Co-operation Programme
ICSC International Chemical Safety Cards
ICSG International Copper Study Group
ICT Information and Communication Technology
ID Identification
IECSC Inventory of Existing Chemical Substances in China
IED Industrial Emissions Directive
IEEG Industrial Emissions Expert Group
IEF Information Exchange Forum
IEW Industrial Electrical Waste
IFCS Intergovernmental Forum on Chemicals Safety
IGO Inter-Governmental Organisation
IGS Information Gathering and Sharing (Task Group of ICCA)
IH Industry Hygiene
IHCP Institute for Health and Consumer Protection
IIASA International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis
IISI International Iron and Steel Institute
ILA International Lead Association
ILCD International Reference Life Cycle Data System
ILO International Labour Organization
ILZRO International Lead Zinc Research Organization 
ILZSG International Lead and Zinc Study Group
IMA-Europe Industrial Minerals Association – Europe
IMA-NA Industrial Minerals Association – North America
IMAP Inventory Multi-tiered Assessment and Prioritization
IMCO Internal Market and Consumer Protection Committee (EP)
IMDG International Maritime Dangerous Goods Code
IMDS International Material Data System
IMMG Integrated Materials Management Group
IMnI International Manganese Institute
IMO International Maritime Organisation
IMoA/ITIA International Molybdenum/Tungsten Association
IMPEL EU Network for the Implementation and Enforcement of Environmental Law
IMSBC International Maritime Solid Bulk Cargoes Code
INC5 Fifth Session of the Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee on Mercury
INERIS Institut National de l'Environnement Industriel et des Risques
INEW Industrial Non-Electrical Waste
INRS The French “Institut National de Recherche et de Sécurité”
INSG International Nickel Study Group
INTA International Trade Committee (EP)
IOELV Indicative Occupational Exposure Limit Values
IOM Institute of Occupational Medicine
IOMC International Organization for the safe Management of Chemicals
IP Intellectual Property
IPA International Platinum group metals Association
IPCC International Panel on Climate Change
IPCS International Programme on Chemical Safety
IPG Industrial Pollution Group
IPP Integrated Product Policy (Commission Proposal COM(2003)302)
IPPC Integrated Pollution Prevention and Control (Directive 96/61/EC)
IPPCB Integrated Pollution Prevention and Control Bureau
IPTS Institute for Prospective Technological Studies of the EC's Joint Research Centre (JRC)
IRC Innovation Relay centres
IRPTC International Register of Potentially Toxic Chemicals (under UN Auspices)
IRIS Integrated Risk Information System (US)
ISAG Information System for Waste and Recycling
ISB Industry Sector Board
ISO International Standardisation Organization
ISRI Institute of the Scrap Recycling Industries
ISSF International Stainless Steel Federation
IT Information Technology
ITEQ International Toxicity Equivalent
ITIA International Tungsten Industry Association
ITRE Industry, Research and Energy Committee (EP)
ITRI International Tin Research Institute
IUCLID International Uniform Chemicals Information Database
IUPAC International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry
iUVCB Inorganic Unknown or Variable Composition, Complex Reaction Products and Biological Materials
IVBA In Vitro BioAccessibility
IVU Integrated Pollution Prevention and Control (Germany)
IVVU Integrierte Vermeidung und Verminderung von Umweltverschmutzung (=IPPC)
IWCC International Wrought Copper Council
IZA International Zinc Association


JAM Joint Association Meeting
JBCE Japan Business Council in Europe
JCIA Japan Chemical Industry Association
JD Justification Document
JECFA Joint Expert Committee on Food Additives (UN)
JPA Joint Programme of Activities
JRC Joint Research Centre
JS Joint Submission
JSO Joint Submission Object


Ka Equilibrium Association Constant
Kd Equilibrium Dissociation Constant
KE Key Event
KEI Key Environmental Issues
KER Key Event Relationship
KFM Kyoto Flexible Mechanism
kg Kilogram
Klif Norwegian Climate and Pollution Agency
KMU Kleine und Mittlere Unternehmen
KoM Kick-off-Meeting
KPI Key Performance Indicators
KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden
KTR Korean Testing & Research Institute
KWK Kraft-Wärme-Kopplung


L Litre
LAD Latest Application Date
LADD Lifetime Average Daily Dose
LBS Low Binding Substrate
LC50 Lethal Concentration (50%)
LCA Life Cycle Analysis/Assessment
LCC Life Cycle Costing
LCI Life Cycle Inventory
LCIA Life Cycle Impact Assessment
LCP Large Combustion Plants
LCT Life Cycle Thinking
LDAI Lead Development Association International
LE Legal Entity
LEO Legal Entity Object
LEOX Legal Entity Object XML
LEV Local Exhaust Ventilation
LLNA Local Lymph Node Assay
LME London Metal Exchange
LoA Letter of Access
LOAEL Lowest Observed Adverse Effect Level
LOD Limit of Detection
LOEC Lowest Observed Effect Concentration
LOQ Limit of Quantitation
LPVCs Low Production Volume Chemicals
LR Lead Registrant
LRI Long-range Research Initiative
LRTAP Long-Range Trans-boundary Air Pollution (Convention)
LSHA Labour Safety and Health Act (Taiwan)
LTRAP Long-range Transboundary Air Pollution
LtUs License to Use agreements
LVIC Large Volume Inorganic Chemicals
LVIC-AAF BREF Large Volume Inorganic Chemicals Ammonia, Acid, Fertilizers BREF
LVIC-S BREF Large Volume Inorganic Chemicals Solids and others BREF
LWP Light Weight Packaging


M / I Manufacturer / Importer
m3 Meter cubed
MAC Maximum Accepted Concentration
MAD Mutual Acceptance of Data (OECD)
MAF Mixture Assessment Factor
MAK Occupational Exposure Limits (in German)
MAN Mutual Acceptance of Notification (as advised by OECD)
MARPOL International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution from Ships (IMO)
MATC Maximum Acceptable Toxicant Concentration
MAWP Multi-Annual Working Plan (ECHA)
MB Management Board
MBI Market Best Instruments
MCA Multi-Criteria Analysis
MCC Metals Conference Centre
MCP Medium Combustion Plant
MCS Multi-Constituent Substances
MEASE Occupational Exposure Assessment Tool for REACH
MeCLAS Metals Classification Tool
MEDDE French Ministry of Ecology, Sustainable Development and Energy
MEEuP Methodology for the Ecodesign of Energy-Using Products
MEL Maximum Exposure Limits
MEL Ministry of Employment and Labour
MeOx Metal Oxides
MEP Ministry of Environmental Protection
MEP Member of European Parliament
MEPC Marine Environment Protection Committee (IMO)
MeRAG Metals Environmental Risk Assessment Guide
METI Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry
mg Milligram
MIE Molecular Initiating Event
MIIT Ministry of Industry and Information Technology
MIRO Mineral Industry Research Organisation
MISA Metals and Inorganics Sectorial Approach
MMAD Mean Mass Aerial Diameter (particle size)
MMD Multi-Metallic Database
MMSD Mines, Minerals and Sustainable Development
MMVF Man-Made Vitreous Fibres
MNF Manufacturing
MnIG Manganese Interest Group
MoA Mode of Action (identical to TMoA)
MoD Manual of Decisions
MoE Ministry of Environment
MOL Ministry of Labor
MOS Margin of safety
MOTE 2-ethylhexyl 10-ethyl-4-[[2-[(2-ethylhexyl)oxy]-2-oxoethyl]thio]-4- octyl-7-oxo-8-oxa-3,5-dithia-4-stannatetradecanoate
MOU Memorandum of Understanding
MPD Minimum Package of Data
MPPG Metals Product Policy Group (Eurometaux)
MQW Mining and Quarrying Waste
MRL Maximum Residue Level / Limit
MRL Minimum Risk Level
MRO Maintenance and Repair Operations.
MS Member State
MSafe Daily tonnage that can be used safely
MSC Member State Committee (ECHA)
MSCA Member States Competent Authorities
MSDS Material Safety Data Sheet
MSite Daily tonnage
MSW Municipal Solid Waste
MSWI Municipal Solid Waste Incinerator
MTD Maximum Tolerated Dose
MTFR Maximum Technically Feasible Reduction
MTWR BREF Management of Tailings and Waste-rock in Mining Activities BREF
MWEI BREF Management of Waste from Extractive Industries BREF
MvE Men via the Environment
MYP Multi-Year Planning


NA National Associations
NAAQS National Ambient Air Quality Standard (US)
NACE (code) Nomenclature Statistique des Activités Économiques dans la CE Statistical classification of economic activities in the European Community
NAICS North American Industry Classification System
NAM New Approach Methodologies
NAMC North American Metals Council
NASF National Association for Surface Finishing
NBLs Natural Background Levels
NCD New Chemicals Database
NCEA National Centre for Environmental Assessment
NCN New Substances Procedure – New Chemical Substance Notification (Taïwan)
NCP New Chemicals Program (US)
NCP National Contact Points (in the context of 6FP)
NCP New Chemicals Policy (Commission Proposal (COM(2003)644))
NCP National Contact Points (in the context of 6FP)
NCTM National Coordinators for Testing Methods
NDSL Non-Domestic Substances List (Canada)
NEA National Enforcement Authorities
NEC National Emission Ceiling
NECD National Emission Ceiling Directive
NEL No-Effect Level
NEN Nano Expert Network (Cefic)
NERAP Nickel Environmental Research Advisory Panel
NeRSAP Network of REACH Socio-Economic and Assessment of Alternative Practitioners
NES New and Existing Substances
NESHAP National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants
NFA Non-Ferrous Alliance (UK)
NFM Non-ferrous metals (industry)
ng Nanogram
NGO Non-Governmental Organisation
NI Nickel Institute
NICNAS National Industrial Chemicals Notification and Assessment Scheme (Australia)
NiCs Nickel REACH Consortia
NIER National Institute of Environmental Research
NIMBY Not In My Backyard
NIOSH National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health
NiPERA Nickel Producers’ Environmental Research Association (part of Nickel Institute)
NiRAG Nickel Risk Assessment Group
NITE National Institute of Technology and Evaluation (Japan)
NLP No-Longer Polymers
NM Nanomaterials
NMP 1-Methyl-2pyrrolidone
NMWG Nano-Materials Working Group
NOAEC No Observed Adverse Effect Concentration
NOAEL No Observed Adverse Effect Level
NOC Notice of Commencement
NOC Normal Operating Conditions
NoE Networks of Excellence
NOEC No Observed Effect Concentration
NOEL No Observable Effect Level
NOHSC National Occupational Health and Safety Commission (Australia)
NONS Notification of New Substances Directive – Enforcement Project
NOS Not Otherwise Specified
NPDES National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System (US)
NPDWR National Primary Drinking Water Rule (US)
NPRM Notice of Proposed Rulemaking
NPT Nano Project Team (Cefic)
NPV Net Present Value
NRCan Natural Resources Canada
NRC National Research Council
NRCC National Registration Centre for Chemicals (China)
NSB National Standardisation Bodies
NSC NanoSafetyCluster
NTP National Toxicology Program


OC Operational Conditions
OCC Optimistic Concurrency Control
OCHA UN Office for the Co-ordination of Humanitarian Affairs
OEA Organisation of European Aluminium Refiners and Remelters
OECD Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development
OEDB Occupational Exposure Database
OEF Organisation Environmental Footprint
OEIL European Parliament’s Legislative Observatory
OEL Occupational Exposure Limit
OELV Occupational Exposure Limit Value
OEM Original Equipment Manufacturer
OES Occupational Exposure Standards
OFI Opportunities for Improvement
OH Occupational Health
OHPW Occupational Health Performance Workshop
OHS Occupational Health and Safety
OHT OECD Harmonised Template
OIFR Occupational Illness Frequency Rate
OJ Official Journal of the European Union
OM Organic Matter
OMB Office of Management and Budget (US)
OMS Organic Metal Salts
OPC Open Public Consultation
OPEX Operating Expenditures
OR Only Representative
ORO Organisation of Only Registrants
OSH Occupational Safety Health
OSHA Occupational Safety and Health Administration (US)
OSH Act Occupational Safety and Health Act (US)
OSOA One Substance, One Assessment
OSOR One Substance, One Registration
OSPAR Oslo and Paris Commission of the Convention for the protection of the marine environment of the North-East Atlantic
OTNOC Other Than Normal Operating Conditions


PAC Priority Assessments Chemicals (Japan)
PACE Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe
PACT Public Activities Coordination Tool
PAH Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons
PAIR Preliminary Assessment Information Rule
PARERE Preliminary Assessment of Regulatory Relevance
PAYT Pay as you throw
Pb Lead
PBDE Polybrominated Biphenylethers
PBPK Physiologically-Based Pharmaco Kinetic
PBT Persistent, Bio-accumulative and Toxic Chemicals
PC Public Consultation
PCA Principal Component Analysis
PCB Polychlorinated Biphenyls
PCDD/F Polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxin and polychlorinated dibenzofuran
PCT Polychlorinated Terphenyls
PEC Predicted Environmental Concentration
PEF Product Environmental Footprint
PEG Partner Expert Group
PEL Permissible Exposure Limits
PES Party of European Socialists
PET Polyethylene Ter-Phthalate
PETCO Petroleum stream substances and coal stream substances
PfA Proposal for Amendment
PFOA Perfluorooctanoic acid
PGMs Platinum group metals: Ir, Os, Pd, Pt, Rh, Ru.
PHS Priority Hazardous Substances
PIC Prior Informed Consent Procedure
PICh Prior Informed Choice
PIT Project of Interest Team
PM10 Particulate Matter Less than Ten Micrometers in Diameter
PMG Project Management Group
PMN Pre-Marketing Notification
PMR Performance, Monitoring and Reporting (Task Group of ICCA)
PMT Persistent, Mobile and Toxic
PNDT Pre-Natal Development Test
PNEC Predicted No-Effect Concentration
PoD Point of Departure
POP Persistent Organic Pollutants
PoMs Programme of Measures
PPE Personal Protective Equipment
PPE-DE Group of the European’s People Party and European Democrats (EP Party)
PPM Process and Production Methods
PPORD Product and Process Oriented Research and Development (REACH)
PPP Plant Production Products 
PPP Polluter Pays Principle
PPP Public Private Partnership
PRC People's Republic of China
PRELEX European Commission’s Database on interinstitutional procedures
PRN Packaging Waste Recycling Note (UK)
PROCs Process Codes
PRTR Pollutants release and Transfer Register
PS Product Stewardship
PS Priority Substances
PSE Group of the Party of the European Socialists (EP Party)
PSIS Pre-Submission Information Sessions (Authorisation Process)
PSLT Poorly-Soluble Low Toxicity
PTBs Persistent, Toxic and liable to Bioaccumulate
PU Polyurethane
PVC Polyvinyl Chloride
PWG Polymers Working Group


QA Quality Assurance
QALY Quality-Adjusted Life Year
QALY HALY that measures life gain
QC Quality Control
QICAR Quantitative Ion Character Activity Relationships
QObL Quality Observation Letter
QR Quarterly Report
QRA Quantitative Risk Assessment
QRA Quantified Risk Analysis
QSAR Quantitative Structure-Activity Relationship (models to predict toxicity)


R&D Research and Development
RA Risk Assessment
RAAF Read-Across Assessment Framework
RAC Risk Assessment Committee (ECHA)
RAF Relative Absorption Factor (secondary poisoning)
RAINS Regional Acidification Information and Simulation (model)
RAM Risk Assessment Management Group
RAPEX Rapid Exchange of Information System for non-food products (EU)
RAR Risk Assessment Report
RBMP River Basin Management Plan
RBSPs River Basin Specific Pollutants
RC Risk Characterisation
RCC Regulatory Cooperation Council
RCF Refractory Ceramic Fibres
RCGC Responsible Care© Global Charter
RCOM Response to Comments
RCR Risk Characterisation Ratio
RCRA Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (US)
RCS Respirable Crystalline Silica
RDCP REACH Dossier Compliance Platform (Cefic)
RDT Rapid Diagnostic Test
RE Resource Efficiency
REACH Registration, Evaluation, Authorisation and Restrictions of Chemicals
REACH IT REACH Information Technology system
REEG Informal Group of MS exchanging on use & exposure aspects (under REACH)
REFIT Regulatory Fitness & Performance Programme (EU)
REIF REACH Enters Into Force
REN REACH Experts Network (Cefic Group)
RES-RF Restriction Task Force
RET Releases Estimation Techniques
REV Reference Exposure Value
RFP Request For Proposal
R&I Research and Innovation
RiCOG Rigorous Containment Guide for Strictly Controlled Conditions
RiMe Risk Management Experts (REACH)
RIP REACH Implementation Project
RIPE REACH Information Portal for Enforcement
RIVM National Institute of Public Health and the Environment (The Netherlands)
RM Risk Management
RM Raw Materials
RMB Renminbi (China)
RMM Risk Management Measures
RMO Risk Management Options
RMOA Risk Management Option Analysis
RMT REACH Management Team (Cefic Group)
RoC Report on Carcinogens (US)
RoHS Restriction of the Use of Certain Hazardous Substances in Electrical and Electronic Equipment (Directive 2002/96/EC)
RoI Registry of Intentions
ROM Reference Report on Monitoring
RoP Rules of Procedure
ROS Reactive Oxygen Species
RoW Rest of the World
RDT Repeated Dose Toxicity
RP Rolling Plans
RPA Risk and Policy Analysts Ltd.
RQ Risk Quotient
RQ Reportable Quantities
RPE Respiratory Protective Equipment
RRS Risk Reduction Strategy
RSB Regulatory Scrutiny Board
RSPS-calls REACH strategic Planning Support-calls
RSS Robust Study Summary
RTD Research and Technological Development
RTR Risk and Technology Review
RWC Reasonable Worst Case


SAA Substitution and Alternatives Assessment
SAB Science and Advisory Board (EPA)
SABE CEN Strategic Advisory Board for the Environment
SA BREF Slaughterhouses and Animal By-products BREF
SAE Society of Automotive Engineering
SAGAME Socio Economic Assessments for Chemicals Management
SAICM Strategic Approach to International Chemicals Management
SAM Scientific Advice Mechanism
SAP Scientific Advisory Panel
SAT System Acceptance Test
SAT-HH SAT-HH: Self-Assessment Template for Human Health (endpoints)
SAWS State Administration of Work Safety (China)
SBREFA Small Business Regulatory Enforcement Fairness Act (US)
SCALE Science, Children, Awareness-raising, Legal implementation tools and regular Evaluation
SCBA Self-Contained Breathing Apparatus
SC Supply Chain
SCC Strictly Controlled Conditions
SCCom Supply Chain Communication Task Force
SCCP Short-chain chlorinated paraffin
SCCS Scientific Committee on Consumer Safety (EU)
SCED Specific Consumer Exposure Determinants
SCENIRH Scientific Committee on Emerging and Newly Identified Health Risks (EU)
SCHER Scientific Committee on Health and Environment (EU) (formerly CSTEE)
SCIP Substances of Concern in articles as such or in complex objects (Products)
SCL Specific Concentration Limit
SCOEL Scientific Committee on Occupational Exposure Limits (EU)
SCP Sustainable Consumption and Production
SCG Strategic Coordination Group
SD Sustainable Development
SDG Sustainable Development Goals
SDS Safety Data Sheet
SDWA Safe Drinking Water Act (US)
SE Substance Evaluation
SEA Socio-Economic Assessment
SEA Socio-Economic Analysis
SEAC Committee for Socio-economic Analysis (ECHA)
SE Benefits Socio-Economic Benefits
SEG Scientific Expert Group
SEM Scanning Electron Microscopy
SEM/AVS Simultaneous Extractable Metal/Acid Volatile Sulphide
SENSE Solid Enforcement of Substances in Europe
SER Substance Evaluation Report
SES Specific Exposure Scenario
SETAC Society of Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry
SEv Substance Evaluation
SF Safety Factor
SF BREF Smitheries and Foundries BREF
SFF SIEF Formation Facilitator
SHE Safety, Health and Environment
SHEQ Safety, Health, Environment & Quality
SIA Social-Impact Assessment
SIA Substance In Article
SIAM SIDS Initial Assessment Meeting (OECD for chemicals)
SIAP SIDS Initial Assessment Profile (OECD for chemicals)
SIAR SIDS Initial Assessment Report (OECD for chemicals)
SID Substance Identification
SIDS Screening Information Data Set (OECD for chemicals)
SIEF Substance Information Exchange Forum (REACH)
SIMS Substance Inventory Management System
SIM Substances in Mixtures
SIN United Nations Substance Identification Number (for transport purposes) Also UN Number
SIN (list) Substitute It Now (list)
SIP Strategic Implementation Plan
SIP Substance Identification Profile
SIP Sustainable Industrial Policy
SIS Substances in Substances
SLIC Senior Labour Inspectorates Committee (EC)
SMACH Sufficient Similarity Approach
SME Small or Medium size Enterprise
SMM Sustainable Materials Management
SMR Standardized Mortality Ratio
SNIF Summary Notification Interchange Format
SNAc Significant New Activity
SoC Substances of Concern
SOG Sustainable Operations Group
SOLAS International Convention for the Safety of Life at Sea (IMO)
SONC Statement of Non-Compliance
SOP Standard Operating Procedure
SP Substitution Plan
SPC BREF Specific Chemical Processes BREF (only a proposal which is off)
SpERC Specific Environmental Release Category
SPIRE Sustainable Process Industry through Resource and Energy
SPORT Strategic Partnershio on REACH Testing
SPSF Standard Project Submission Form
SPV Soil Prevention Values
SRA Strategic Research Agenda
SRM Sustainable Resource Management
SRM WG Sustainable Resource Management Working Group
SS Sewage Sludge
SS Suspended Solids
SSA Specific Surface Area
SSD Species-Sensitive Distribution (statistical technique to derive PNECs)
SSD Safety Standards Division
SSG Sustainability Strategy Group
SSL Soil Screening Level
SSMC Sparingly Soluble Metal Salts
SSPC Society for Protective Coatings
ST Steering Team
STAF Stock and Flows
STEL Short term Exposure Limits
STM BREF Surface Treatment of Metals and Plastics BREF
STO Stakeholder Observer
STOT Specific Target Organ Toxicity (classification endpoint)
STOT-RE Specific Target Organ Toxicity (classification endpoint) - Repeated
STP Sewage Treatment Plant
STS BREF Surface Treatment Using Organic Solvents BREF
SU Sector of Use
SUR/FIN Surface Finishing
SVHC Substance of very High Concern (REACH)
SVOC Semi-Volatile Organic Compound
SW Software
SWAp Sector-Wide Approach
SWED Sector specific Worker Exposure Description
SWOT Strengths Weaknesses Opportunities Threats Analysis
SZZ Silver Zinc Zeolite


T/a Tons per annum
T/Y Tons per year
TA Temporary Agent
TABD Trans-Atlantic Business Dialogue
TAC Technical Advisory Committee
TAIEX Technical Assistance and Information Exchange Bureau
TA Luft Technische Anleitung Luft
TBC To Be Confirmed
TBD To Be Determined
TBT Cttee Technical Barriers to Trade Committee (WTO)
TC ClandL Technical Committee for Classification and Labelling (EU)
TC NES Technical Committee on New and Existing chemical Substances (EU)
TCC Technical Completeness Check
TCC Targeted Compliance Check
TCCA Toxic Chemical Control Act (Korea)
TCLP Toxic Characteristic Leachate Procedure Test
TCM Technology-Critical Metals
TDFAs (3,3,4,4,5,5,6,6,7,7,8,8,8-tridecafluorooctyl)silanetriol and any of its mono-, di- or tri-O-(alkyl) derivatives
TDI Tolerable Daily Intake
TDMA Titanium Dioxide Manufacturers Association
TDP-E Transformation/Dissolution Protocol (to measure release metals)-Extension
TEA Trade and Economic Affairs
TEC Technical and Environmental Centre
TEC Technical and Environmental Committee
TEM Transmission Electron Microscopy
TEQ Toxic Equivalent Quantity
TF Task Force
TFEA Task Force on Exposure Assessment (OECD)
TFEU Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union
TFHA Task Force Hazard Assessment
TFIAM Task Force on Integrated Assessment Modelling
TG Task Group
TGD Technical Guidance Document
TVs Threshold Values
TLV Threshold Limit Value
TLV-C Ceiling Exposure Limit
TLV-STEL Short Term Exposure Limit
TLV-TWA Threshold limit value-time-weighted average
TM Technical Meeting
TM Technical Meeting
TNO Nederlandse Organisatie voor Toegepast Natuurwetenschappelijk Onderzoek (Netherlands Organisation for Applied Scientific Research)
TOC Total Organic Carbon
TK ToxicoKinetics
TP Testing Proposal
TPC Technical Progress Committee
TPE Testing Proposal Evaluations
TPR Third Party Representative
TRA Targeted Risk Assessment (tool)
TRED Total Regional Effluent Discharge
TRI Toxics Release Inventory
TRK German Technical Guide Concentration
TRV Toxicity Reference Value
TSAP Thematic Strategy on Air Pollution
TSCA Toxic Substances Control Act (US)
TSP Total Suspended Particles
TSS Total Suspended Solids
TSW Trans-frontier Shipment of Waste
TTC Threshold of Toxicological Concern
TU Toxic Unit
TVL Threshold Limit Value
TVOC Total Volatile Organic Compounds
TWA Time weighted average
TWAEC Time-Weighted Average Exposure Concentration
TWAEVs Time-Weighted Average Exposure Values
TWG Technical Working Group
TWI Tolerable Weekly Intake


UA Upstream Applications
UBA Umweltbundesamt (German Federal Environmental Agency)
UD Use Descriptor
UEN Union for a Europe of Nations Group (EP Party)
UITS Union of Surface Treatment Industries
UK United Kingdom
UK-DEFRA UK-Department for Environment Food & Rural Affairs
ULCOS Ultra Low CO₂ Steelmaking
UN United Nations
UNCSD United Nations Commission on Sustainable Development
UNCTAD United Nations Conference on Trade and Development
UNECE United Nations Economic Commission for Europe
UNEP United Nations Environment Programme
UN-ESCAP United Nations Environmental and Social Committee for Asian-Pacific Region
UNESDA Union of European Soft Drink Association
UNFCCC United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change
UN-GHS United Nations – Global Harmonised System
UNICE Union of Industrial and Employers' Confederation of Europe (now BusinessEurope)
UNIDO United Nations Industrial Development Organisation
UNITAR The United Nations Institute for Training and Research
UN Number United Nations Substance Identification Number (for transport purposes) Also SIN
US United States
US EPA US Environmental Protection Agency
USCIB Unites States Council for International Business
USEtox Scientific consensus model endorsed by the UNEP/SETAC Life Cycle Initiative for characterising human and ecotoxicological impacts of chemicals
UUID Electronic Identifier of Companies
UVC Substances of poorly defined, complex or Variable Composition
UVCB Unknown or Variable Composition, Complex Reaction Products and Biological Materials (as listed in EINECS)
UWM Unit World Model
UWWTD Urban Waste Water Treatment Directive


VAS Vertebrate Animal Study
VCI Verband der Chemischen Industrie e.V. (Germany)
VERTS/ALE Group of the Greens / European Free Alliance (EP Party)
VITO The Flemish Institute for Technological Research
VMG Validation Management Group
VMP Very Mobile Persistent
VOC Volatile Organic Compound
VOI Value Of Information
VOLY Value of a Life Year
VP Vapour Pressure
vPvB very persistent very bioaccumulative chemicals
vPvM very Persistent very mobile
vvP very very Persistent
VSL Value of a Statistical Life
VSSA Volume-Specific Surface Area


W/W Weight/Weight
WAF Water Accommodated Fraction
WBCSD World Business Council for Sustainable Development
WCC World Chlorine Council
WD Wore drawing
WDU Wide Dispersive Use
WEEE Waste from Electrical and Electronic Equipment (Directive 2002/96/EC)
WEF World Economic Forum
WF Work Flow
WFD Water Framework Directive (Directive 2000/60/EC)
WG Working Group
WGC BREF Common Waste Gas Treatment in the chemical sector BREF
WGWPR Working Group on Waste Prevention and Recycling (OECD)
WHAM Windermere Humic Aqueous Model
WHMIS Workplace Hazardous Materials Information System
WHO World Health Organization
WI BREF Waste Incineration BREF
WICEM World Industry Conference on Environmental Management
WL Watch List
WMT Whole Mixture Testing
WNT Working Group of the National Coordinators of the Test Guidelines Programme
WoE Weight of Evidence (Approach)
WP Working Party
WP ACSH Working Party of the Advisory Committee on Safety and Health at Workplace
WPC BREF Wood Preservation with Chemicals BREF
WPMN Working Party of Manufactured Nanomaterials (OECD)
WPN Working Party of Nanomaterials (OECD)
WP RPW Working Party on Resource Productivity and Waste (OECD)
WQG Water Quality Guideline
WRI World Resources Institute
WSH Institute Workplace Safety and Health Institute (Singapore)
WSR Waste Shipment Regulation (EU)
WSSD World Summit on Sustainable Development (Rio+10, Johannesburg 2002)
Wt% Weight Percent
WT BREF Waste Treatment BREF
WTO World Trade Organisation
WTP Willingness To Pay
WVM Wirtschaftsvereinigung Metalle (German Metals Federation)
W/W Weight by Weight
WW Waste Water
WWTP Waste Water Treatment Plant


X / Y / Z  
XML Extended Mark-up Language
XRD X-Ray powder Diffraction
ZDHC Zero Discharge of Hazardous Chemicals
Zn Zinc

Last page update: 27 January 2022